Structure of the Bee


The body surface of bee is made of hundreds of pieces of chitin, and there are many thick hairs on the hard film. These hard pieces are called exoskeleton, this exoskeleton are able to protect the internal structure of the bee, prevent moisture loss; and the internal protrusions provide muscle attachment to the bee. The body of bee is divided into three parts, that is, the head, chest and abdomen.

The head of the bee has mouth, compound eyes, monocular/ simple eye, tentacles and sensory hair; the chest consists of three knots, each section has a pair of feet, respectively, forefoot, midfoot, hind foot. The latter two sections each have a pair of wings; the abdomen consists of several sections, with wax gland opening, sting needle and so on.

The size of queen bee and worker bee are small, with a small and dumbell-shaped of compound eyes on both sides of the head. There is a sting needle at the end of queen bee and worker bees' abdomen. The abdomen's length of queen bee is about twice as long as the worker bee, so it is easy to identify. The body surface of the worker's bee has a very fine special structure, which allows the bees to collect nectar, pollen, propolis and so on. The shape of the male bee/ drone is round fat, with a large hemisphere compound eyes, abdomen end round with a lot of hair, no sting needle.